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Spotting signs of Cancer

  • Changes in bowel/bladder habits – Diarrhoea/constipation for no obvious reasons; urinary frequency/urgency/nocturia.
  • A Sore that doesn’t heal.
  • Unusual Bleeding or Discharge – Unexplained blood in urine, stool, between periods, in vomit, cough.
  • Thickening or Lump – Consult a doctor if you notice a lump anywhere in your body.
  • Indigestion or Difficulty in Swallowing
  • Obvious change in wart or mole.
  • Nagging Cough/Breathlessness/Hoarseness – If you have had a cough, breathlessness for more than two weeks, or if you had blood in your phlegm.

What to do if you have worrying symptom

  • Consult your doctor – He/She will ask simple questions, examine you and may ask for some tests.
  • If he/she suspects cancer, then you would be referred to an Oncologist.

How to reduce your risk of developing cancer:

  • STOP smoking or tobacco use in any form.
  • Be physically active.
  • Eat healthy, less calorie, low fat diet.
  • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables.
  • Protect your skin from sun, avoid over exposure.

Symptoms of Throat Cancer

  • Post-menopausal Bleeding
  • Inter-menstrual Bleeding
  • Excessive heavy bleeding during periods
  • Bleeding during intercourse

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

  • A sore throat that doesn’t go away
  • Pain or difficulty in swallowing
  • Hoarseness or change in voice quality
  • Ear pain
  • A lump in neck

Symptoms of Breast Cancer

  • Painless lumpy feeling in breast
  • Swelling/Nodules in armpit
  • Any change in size/shape of breast or overlying skin
  • Nipple Discharge/Bleeding/Retraction

Symptoms of Lung Cancer

  • Persistent/Unexplained breathlessness (especially if exposure to tobacco in any form)
  • Persistent/Unexplained change in voice quality
  • Unexplained chest pain
  • Persistent/unexplained cough with or without blood in phlegm